Stephen Hawking Net Worth 2020, Biography, Education, Career, and Death.
Stephen Hawking Net Worth 2020 – Stephen Hawking was a theoretical physicist and cosmologist, widely considered to be one of the greatest scientists of his time.
He was the first scientist to devise a cosmology that married the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics, and he made huge contributions to our understanding of black holes.
Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, England, UK. His father was Frank Hawking, an English biologist; his mother was Isobel Walker, a Scottish Philosophy, Politics and Economics graduate; both parents were graduates of the University of Oxford.
Stephen had two younger sisters and an adopted brother.
Stephen Hawking was an average student at school, deeply interested in science.
After winning a scholarship in Natural Sciences at age 17, he graduated at age 20 with a first-class honors degree in Physics from University College, Oxford.
Thereafter, Hawking carried out research at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge, for a Ph.D. in Astronomy and Cosmology.
In his early days at Cambridge, at age 21, Hawking was diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a motor neuron disease in which the nerves controlling the muscles become inactive while the sensory nerves function normally. At first, his doctors expected him to die within two years.
Due to this sustained condition, it took him about 40 hours to devise a 45-minute lecture.
In 1931, Georges Lemaître was the first scientist to propose that the universe and time itself began in a single instant, emerging in a Big Bang.
Lemaître believed the universe hatched from a ‘cosmic egg’ whose radius was similar to the earth-sun distance.
In 1970, working with Roger Penrose, Hawking showed that if a Big Bang had happened and general relativity was true, then the universe must have grown from a point whose volume was zero, but which contained the entire mass of the universe.
Such a point of infinite density is known as a singularity.
Interestingly, at the heart of every black hole lurks a singularity, where gravity has crushed the entire mass of the black hole into a point whose volume is zero.
Hawking was awarded the CBE in 1982 and became a Companion of Honour in 1989.
He received numerous awards and medals, including becoming a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences. He was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
Stephen Hawking was the University of Cambridge’s Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 1979-2009, a position once held by Sir Isaac Newton.
Stephen Hawking died peacefully, age 76, at home, on March 14, 2018, in Cambridge, UK.
His ashes were laid to rest in London’s Westminster Abbey between the final resting places of Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin.
Stephen Hawking Net Worth
Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who had a net worth of $20 million at the time of his death.